Basketball basic rules:
Basketball is a team sport. Each team has 12 payers in their roster and, on-court there will be 5 and other 7 in rotations. The basketball hoop is 10 feet above the ground and the size off the full court is 28 meters long and 15 meters is wide. Basketball rim is 18 inches in diameter and basketball for men is 9.55 inches and basketball for women is 9.23 inches. The basketball court is divided into two equal parts of 14 meters. Once inbounded, the offensive team has to clear the ball from their half-court within 8 seconds and has to hit the basketball-ring within 24 seconds.
Basketball is moved from one side to another side by passing and dribbling. The team having the ball position is called offensive team and another team is defensive team. The basketball match is played 40 minutes according to FIBA rules and, are divided into a quarter of 10 minutes each. Whereas in NBA, a match is played for 48 minutes, divided into a quarter of 12 minutes each.
Timeout in basketball: FIBA allows five timeouts, two in the first half and three in the second half, whereas the NBA allows six timeouts. International competition also only allows for two timeouts in the final 2 minutes of the game.
Personal and team foul: According to FIBA, once a player commits five fouls he has to exist the game, whereas in NBA after 6 fouls player have to leave the court. Once the team has made four foul in quarter, each extra foul (also non-shooting fouls) will result in a free throw for the offensive team.
Types of personal fouls:
4. Illegal screen
Personal foul penalties: If the Person gets fouled in the act of shooting, he’ll get two free shots. Condition is he has to miss the bucket or if fouled and the basket gets converted, the shooter like get an extra 1 free throws and fouled bucket also will count.
Non-shooting foul: If a foul is not shooting foul or foul committed before the shot. An offensive team will inbound pass from the outline.
Charging Foul: When offensive players push or run over the defensive player, charging foul is called.
International foul: When a defensive player makes physical contact with offensive players with no intention of stealing the basketball it’s called intentional foul.
Traveling: Taking more than a step or half or moving your pivot feet without dribbling or passing will be called for traveling Violations.
Carry/palming: While dribbling the basketball if, the player places his palm too under or side off basketball will be called for the palming/carry.
Double dribble: Dribbling with both hands at the same time or picking up the dribble and again dribbling is called double dribble.
Goaltending: If a defensive player interferes with the ball while it’s going down towards the rim or blocking the shot after it has touched the backboard is called goaltending, the offensive team will be rewarded points.
Backcourt violation. Once the offensive team has cross the ball mid-court line, they cannot go back across the line during possession.